Copyright is not just a frm u fill ut, it xit rir to that. Sng r automatically nidrd rightd as lng they are original and in a tngibl form. Originl means what you think it mn nd tht it nt b identical or ubtntill imilr t other ng.Furthermore, whn a i f ng i ut int a fixd form, (fr example, if u export an udi file r if you t it on Sundlud) right lw rttin thnill kik in. Whn you fill ut th ffiil frm and register your ng tht when you gt a presumption tht u wn the copyright to tht wrk.
Hw Lng Does Mui Cright Lt?
Cright lt the lif f th right hldr lu 70 r. If u are dling with a lrgr lbl th will ask u if u r uing samples nd if th are lrd. Evn if th dont ask, in th ntrt it will state that u, the artist, r responsible nd rnt to thm a lr and free wrk. Al, if you are using a sample k, check what th lin ill if it invlv vocals. So in summary, a ng i technically nidrd rightd n u rt it in a tngibl w. Tht ll you nd t knw t thi int.
Wht i the “Fir Use” Dtrin f Copyright Lw?
S u m have hrd about Fair U. But wht does it mean xtl? Fir U is a dfn t a claim of right infringmnt nd it l ut itutin in which u d not need t get the ng wnr permission to use hi r hr mtril. In thr words, Fir use mn u can use xiting, right ntnt lik a ml li in nw w tht provides value beyond the riginl. When it m t music, urt lk fr 4 ftr whn considering Fir U:
- What i th ur r context f th wrk? I it fr profit r is it fr a nn-mmril nn-rfit use? Ar u making it fr any dutinl ur? Or is it used t criticize r giv commentary?
- wht th nature of th wrk? Is it ublihd r not ublihd?
- how much mling r ing w dn? Did it r did it not u a ubtntil munt f the riginl work? Was a little id r a whl lt f th riginl song?
- Ltl, wht th fft on th value of the riginl wrk? I th mld or id song just a substitute for the riginl r d it nt fft th riginl song? Did it r did it not cause ignifint finnil hrm to the right owner?
Whats imrtnt t know but Fir U i tht Fir use is bd n fairness nd its decided n a -b- basis. S that mn thr NO bright lin rul nd tht h fll n its wn ft. In ft, th Surm Curt h md it lr tht all ftr mut be considered in any given .Yu can use th 4 ftr in rdr t dfnd urlf gint a lawsuit fr mling withut permission. The rblm is tht u wn’t knw fr ur whih w th judge will rul. And, mt likl u’ll hv t hir an ttrn t rrnt you in court. Fir Use d nt llw u t tl other peoples work. Rthr, th ur f Fair u i t promote creativity nd t allow l to make more riginl rtin.So wv vrd th bi f th Fair Use doctrine, whih i n f th most imrtnt, if nt the mt imrtnt defense t ml and copyright infringmnt. However, it lw bttr nd mr safe t attempt to gt permission frm th riginl copyright wnr this will hw good fith n ur rt t prevent right infringmnt.
What i the Rik f Nt Getting a Sml Clearance?
I’ve previously written about sample clearance here – Filur t gt rmiin whn u sample mui uld ld t riu nun.So Wht th rik? Using a sample withut lrn is lw rik. A a practical matter, if your rrding becomes ulr t lub r n th rdi, r if a mjr label wnt to pick it u, you’ll have t dl with ml lrn.Unuthrizd sampling tull violates 2 potential lgl right:Firt, th instant you ml a i of mn elses song (no mttr how mll), it ntitut a violation f the copyright in song itself.Snd, mling vilt the sound rrding copyright whih is uull wnd b the rrd mn r rrding rtit. Thu, mling without rir rmiin subjects th illegal ir t a right infringmnt in federal urt b the riginl uthr (r publisher) and by the rrd mn.Uing ml withut permission n lead t litigtin where an infringr may be forced t damages t th right owner whih uld munt t hundrd of thousands f dllr r infringmnt. A urt n l rdr you t rll and dtr ll f your infringing copies nd, in rtin , n wrd the t and legal f inurrd b th prevailing rt in such a lwuit.Furthermore, if u sample withut permission, not nl r u violating US Copyright lw, u m l be in violation f ur own recording contract. If u are signed t a mjr lbl, mt rrding ntrt contain vrl rviin lld Wrrnti, Rrnttin nd Indmnifitin, in which u rmi ll th mtril n your album i riginl and gring that if your lbl are ud fr right infringmnt, you gr t reimburse them fr ll thir urt t, lgl xn nd attorneys f.Similr wrrnti nd indmnifitin lu exist in the ditributin agreements btwn ur rrd mn and th rtil stores. Thu, when you violate a right b sampling it without nnt, all the warranties int back t you the rtit. Therefore, if you sample illegally, b rrd t possibly giv ut ubtntil munt f money to not nl th right owners, but also possibly t your lbl and thir ditributr nd rtil utlt.In addition to these tl lgl problems, the nlti fr copyright infringmnt i hrh. If u sample mbd song withut btin rr clearances, u may b liable t the uthr fr ttutr damages, whih gnrll rng frm$500 to $20,000 for a ingl t of copyright infringement. If th copyright wnr rv u willfull infringd thir mui, u can be liable for damages u to $100,000. The right wnr also has the right t btin n injuntin gint any further infringmnt, fring you to stop ur furthr violation f the right wnr right.Thr i also a destruction rdur, whih forces th infringr to recall all th illgl i f th ng in th lbum nd dtr thm. Finll, u m vn face criminal charges frm the U.S. Attorneys Office if u engage in intntinl right infringement.So in ummr, if ur song contains a sample nd you dnt lr it, u r infringing the riginl owners right, nd ull be caught rd-hndd. If th do divr your release and if th ntt u nd point out ur infringmnt, then in most , ull b fing mn of the rik w jut diud.
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